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Later Masters (16th–18th)

From Dolpopa’s Disciples to Taranatha – up to 17th cent.

Ngawang Trinle

Ngawang Trinle (ngag dbang 'phrin las) was born in the Chozar (chos zar) region of Tsang in central Tibet in 1657. At the age of sixteen he took ordination from his paternal uncle, Lodro Namgyel (blo gros rnam rgyal, 1618-1683), a disciple of Taranata Kunga Nyingpo (tA ra nA tha kun dga' snying po, 1575-1635). From an early age, he studied with Chalung Dorje Drak Tsen from Chalung Monastery.


Jetsun Taranatha was born at Karag (kha rag) in the hereditary line of the great Tibetan translator Ra Lotsawa Dorje Drak. His Tibetan name was Kunga Nyingpo, but he is generally known by the name Taranatha, which he received in a vision from a great Indian adept. When he was about one year old he declared, “I am master Kunga Drolchok!” But this was kept secret for several years, and it was not until he was about four years old that he was brought to Kunga Drolchok’s monastery of Cholung Changtse and formally recognized as his incarnation. He then began years of intense study and practice under the guidance of a series of great masters, many of whom had been major disciples of Kunga Drolchok.

Lodro Namgyal

Traveled from Takten Damcho Ling Monastery in Central Tibet to live in Dzamthang for 12 years. Recieved the full Kalachakra transmissions from Taranatha and Kunga Rinchen Gyatso. In the year 1658, performed the great Kalachakra empowerment at Dzamthang Tsangwa Monastery during its inauguration ceremony.


Buddhagupta was the youngest of eight sons of a rich merchant in the great city of Indra-liṅga, near Rasmi-śwara on the shores of the ocean. While still young, he attended upon the master Thirti-nātha who presided over a large number of yogins. This lifestyle inspired him greatly and, after having obtained his fathers permission, he joined the yogins ranks. He was given the name Buddhagupta. For several years he also served the Gurus Deva-nāra and Dipa-nātha and studied grammar and the other minor branches of learning, such as the Amara-koṣa, under them.